Alabama Sex Offender Registry
The Alabama law enforcement agency maintains a statewide database of all people who have been convicted of a sex crime that qualify for inclusion in a sexual offender registry.
There is one main agency that does this, however, each of the local sheriff’s offices also have the duty to monitor the compliance with laws that regulate sex offenders. They have reporting requirements which state that the individual must come on a periodic basis and give their address. That way, if the person moves, the laws require that the sheriff’s office put out a notice.
To learn more about the sex offender registration process in Alabama, it is important to contact an Alabama sex crimes attorney as soon as possible. Further, if you are facing a sex crimes charge, a lawyer can build a defense to potentially lessen or dismiss the penalties you may be facing.
Intention of the Registry
If a person is moving to a new neighborhood, before they even arrive, the sheriff’s office will have sent out fliers and disseminated letters in every way that they possibly can to alert the neighborhood that a convicted sex offender is coming in. There are websites that list sex offenders, where individuals can put an address in and see any offenders in the area.
This allows individuals to educate their children about how they should conduct themselves if they are outside and away from their immediate supervision. That is the idea behind the sex offender registration in Alabama. Law enforcement will take the position that these people are sexual predators, and are prone to commit further crimes, and the registry will have an impact on where they work and live in the future.
Social scientists state that a person may commit these offenses multiple times over the course of their life. They say that this is a pattern of behavior that occurs multiple times. Putting people on a registry helps public agencies that deal with children’s schools and churches. These entities are able to go to the sex offender registry and see whether or not any individual applying to work at these institutions has ever been on the sex offender registry.
Frequency of Registration
Each offense will define whether or not an individual is obligated to register on the sex offender registry in Alabama. Most, if not all, sexual offenses have registration requirements.
There is only one limited circumstance that discusses the length of time an individual must remain on the registry. This deals with younger offenders. That statute allows for their removal from the sex offender registry in Alabama.
However, this is a lifetime sentence for an adult. Once they are on the registry, they do not ever come off.
Failure to Report
If a person is convicted of one of the qualifying offenses, then the person is obligated to register on the Alabama sex offender registry and is required to report. There are two obligations that an individual must follow through with.
If a person registers but then does not report, it is a crime. It is a separate crime to fail to report once a person is a registered sex offender. People are prosecuted for this.
This can happen when an individual moves and they do not come into the sheriff to report their move. This individual, for example, may have moved a block away from an elementary school. Even though there may not have been any particular problem in the elementary school, it is a violation of the law. This requires the individual to always make their presence known to the sheriff’s office.
There are a couple of different ways that the public can get information on the sex offender registry. When a sex offender moves or changes their address, there is a community notification. This is part of a law that obligates the sheriff to notify the public of this information.
Sometimes, this takes the form of a flier on a telephone pole or a letter in the mail to homes within a certain proximity of the moving address. This why a sex crimes sentence can create lifelong problems for the individual convicted.
There must be both a community notification and periodic reporting on a convicted sex offender’s location. The length of time that this must occur is established by a judge. Typically, a sex offender must report their location for a lifetime.